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Eulalia microphylla Phyllodocidae (phyllodocid)
Phyllodocida (Annelida: Polychaeta)
Eulalia  microphylla  Schmarda, 1861.   Family Phyllodocidae  
     Eulalia microphylla
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 Habitat: Intertidal. Rocky shore. Open beaches. Epifaunal. Depth range: 0-2 (m). Salinity regime: Harbour-like variation. Microhabitat:  Crevices, algal turf, pools, under stones. Tube: None.
Occurrence:  Consistently occurring. Density: 50 (m2).
Distribution in NZ: New Zealand wide, Chatham Islands, Auckland Island.
 Feeding guild: Surface carnivore.
 Diagnosis:  Genus Eulalia in Family Phyllodocidae.
Median antenna present, well back on prostomium (between eyes). Tentacular cirri more or less same shape, one dorsal on first segment, two on second, and third with dorsal cirrus and normal ventral parapodium with chaetae. Ventral cirrus small, smaller than neuropodium. Dorsal cirrus conical. Proboscis uniformly covered with dome-like papillae, terminating in ring of 14 larger papillae. A buttress-like extension of parapodia onto a ridge continuous across the dorsum may be apparent. Colour: Characteristic intense dark green dorsally with pale dorsal cirri. One pair of dark red eyes. Maximum size: 180 mm total length, 4 mm body width.
 Notable aspect: Dark green colour.
 Comparisons:  Eulalia NIWA-2 lacks chaetae on segment 3 and has longer tentacular cirri and more leaf-like dorsal cirri, and may be paler.
 Taxonomy:  There may be another five Eulalia species. A revision is pending.
 Distribution: New Zealand, the subantarctic, and Australia.
 Biology: Active intertidal predator or scavenger, sometimes seen in the open crawling across the surfaces if damp or weed covered. Phyllodocids reportedly can follow mucous trails left by prey.
 Best References:   Biology: No recommendation. Taxonomy: No recommendation.

 Synonyms,  NZ records Original figures Original description details
 Genus diagnosis More pictures Further references (biology, etc) Family Phyllodocidae

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Data last edited 25/07/2004, and page last generated by G. Read, 27/07/2004    (dd/mm/yy)