|NIWA Guide to Polychaeta | Shore polychaetes | Pick shore family | Shell polychaetes|
Ansell, A.D. (2001).
Dynamics of aggregations of a gastropod predator/scavenger on a New Zealand harbour beach. Journal of Molluscan Studies 67: 329-341.
Relevant content: Boccardia acus infestation on Austrovenus stutchburyi predated by Cominella glandiformis.
Blake, J.A. (1999).
Shellfish Culture as a Vector for Biological Invasions. Marine Bioinvasions. Proceedings of the first National Conference. January 24-27, 1999 : 403-404.
Relevant content: in the early 1980s large specimens of a nonindigenous shell boring spionid, Boccardia acus, were found in a New Zealand mussel that was for sale at a fish market in Honolulu.
Handley, S.J (1995).
Spionid polychaetes in Pacific Oysters, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) from Admiralty Bay, Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand.. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 29: 305-309.
Relevant content: B. acus recorded in Pacific oysters
Handley, S.J.;Bergquist, P.R. (1997).
Spionid polychaete infestations of intertidal Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), Mahurangi harbour, northern New Zealand. Aquaculture 153: 191-205.
Relevant content: Boccardia acus present on Pacific oysters.
Mouritsen, K.N. (2004).
Intertidal facilitation and indirect effects: causes and consequences of crawling in the New Zealand cockle. Marine Ecology Progress Series 271: 207-220.
Relevant content: Sub-lethal predation on cockle feet affects ability to re-burrow. If the cockle is predated, the attached B. acus will perish also.
Read, G.B. (1975).
Systematics and biology of polydorid species (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from Wellington Harbour. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 5: 395-419.
Relevant content: Information on biology and reproduction
Read, G.B. (2001).
Shell-damaging worms; what and where are they?. Aquaculture update 29: 6-7.
Relevant content: Popular article
Some biological information might be found in the Boccardia acus taxonomic literature.
Back to Boccardia acus
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