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|Lumbrineris sphaerocephala|| Lumbrineridae (lumbrinerid)
Eunicida (Annelida: Polychaeta)
|Lumbrineris sphaerocephala (Schmarda, 1861). Family Lumbrineridae|
Lumbrineris sphaerocephala head.|
[Click photo for picture page]
|Habitat:||Intertidal. Subtidal. Rocky shore. Sheltered to open beaches. Infaunal. Epifaunal. Depth range: 0-100 (m). Salinity regime: Harbour-like variation. Microhabitat: Cryptic in cracks, crevices, and lacunae. Tube: None or possibly a mucous sheet.|
|Occurrence:|| Consistently occurring. Density: 100 (m2).
Distribution in NZ: New Zealand wide and offshore.
|Feeding guild:||Surface omnivore.|
|Diagnosis:||Genus Lumbrineris in Family Lumbrineridae.
Head is characteristically globular (not conical). Compound hooded hooks present in anterior parapodia along with capillaries; aciculae black; simple hooded hooks in posterior parapodia. Jaw maxilla III minutely bidentate. Colour: Brown-banded or uniformly dark coloured. Maximum size: 110 mm total length, 4 mm body width.
|Notable aspect:||Head is characteristically globular. Often dorsal body surface appears to have bands of dark brown.|
|Comparisons:||An undescribed subtidal Lumbrineris also has a globular head.|
|Taxonomy:||New Zealand Lumbrineridae are currently being reviewed. However, L. sphaerocephala seems likely to be unaffected by changes.|
|Distribution:||Endemic. New Zealand.|
|Biology:||Occurs commonly on all types of shores and in the shallows, and amongst epifauna, algal holdfasts etc. A wide range of habitats.|
|Best References:||Biology: No recommendation. Taxonomy: Knox and Green (1972) The Polychaetous Annelids of New Zealand Part 2: Lumbrineridae. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 2:69-81.|
|Synonyms, NZ records||Original figures||Original description details|
|Genus diagnosis||More pictures||Further references (biology, etc)||Family Lumbrineridae|
|GOOGLE Search | AlltheWeb Search | CISTI | CBIF BiOSC Gateway | GOBASE Molecular | GenBank | Genus only in GenBank ||
|Genus only in Ubio Taxonomic Name Server | PubMed | Scirus | Zoological Record ||
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Data last edited 6/07/2004, and page last generated by G. Read, 27/07/2004 (dd/mm/yy)